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Anti-Semitism in Germany : In Birthplace of Nazism, „Never Again“ Must Really Mean „Never Again“

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Die Synagoge von Halle an der Saale vier Tage nach dem Anschlag Bild: dpa

A new study revealed substantial evidence that anti-Semitism is on the rise in Germany again. What is fuelling this dangerous trend?

          4 Min.

          The Jewish people will always have a complicated relationship with Germany. This will never go away. But, while accepting this fact at the outset, we can acknowledge huge strides have been made since World War II to better our relations.

          Zur deutschen, redaktionell bearbeiteten Übersetzung des Beitrags
          German version of the article

          However, the attempted Yom Kippur massacre at a synagogue in Halle, Germany represents a massive failure on the part of German leaders in waking up to a new and very troubling rising tide of anti-Semitism.

          I am about to arrive in Munich, where I will present Chancellor Merkel with the World Jewish Congress’s highest award for her efforts, like those of her predecessors since World War II, to live up to Germany’s post-War promises.

          But a new survey commissioned by the World Jewish Congress (WJC) – the German Anti-Semitism Assessment Study- revealed substantial evidence that anti-Semitism is on the rise in Germany – not just among the general public, but among elites as well. The survey has been conducted by Schoen Consulting and interviewed 1,300 Germans throughout the country.

          The most alarming finding was that 27 percent of all Germans and 18% of German Elites are anti-Semitic -- with a plurality of Germans believing that Jews talk too much about the Holocaust (41%), nearly half of German Elites say Jews are more loyal to Israel than Germany (48%), and over one-quarter  of German Elites harbor the anti-Semitic belief that Jews have too much power in business (28%) and global affairs (26%). 

          Solid majorities of German Elites acknowledge that Jews are at risk of racist violence (60%) and hate speech (58%) in Germany today.

          The majorities of Germans overall (65%) and German Elites (76%) believe that Nazi era beliefs are increasing with the rise in right-wing parties.

          The deeply disturbing results of the poll should give everyone reason to wonder if Germany has really moved on from its troubling past or is again losing ground – obviously gains made were not as solid as many thought.

          Put simply, only two generations removed from the Holocaust, Jews are evidently still or again a target in Germany, and around the world.

          I don’t say this just to be dramatic. These are numbers that should give everyone pause and everyone should realize that this is not just a ‘Jewish issue.’ It is the major question concerning the fundamental shape we want our societies to take for the future.

          I have been fascinated with German culture and art since I was a student. I don’t believe this form of anti-Semitism was prevalent back then. But, today, these numbers cause me great angst and I am asking myself, what is driving this dangerous trend?

          Today, German Jews find themselves in the crosshairs from fundamentally different poles of anti-Semitic forces; an old hate combined with a new one.

          On the political right there is the traditional, neo-Nazi anti-Semitism which blames everything on “the Jew.”  This is the hate that inspired Stephan Balliet, to try murder worshipers on Jew’s holiest day in Halle. In his racist screed, Balliet blamed all of society’s “problems” on Jews and denied the very existence of the Holocaust. This is a standard anti-Semitic trope.

          But now, on the other side, is radical Muslim anti-Zionism. This new dynamic promotes a hatred of Israel and Jews seeking to normalize anti-Zionism – which is in fact nothing else than anti-Semitism. And this pole overlaps to some extent with the anti-Zionism that is backed by a radical faction of the German left.

          It is this left-wing normalization of anti-Semitism that has led German courts to rule it is permissible a scandalous decision it is permissible for Kuwait Airlines to refuse permission to Israeli—Jewish—passengers – the very sort of exclusion from public life that was a key Nazi tactic before the Holocaust.  If history has taught us anything, it is that once the Jewish people are marginalized, it is easier to do terrible things to them.

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